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Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD)

Physical therapy is an effective, proven and non-invasive method to relieve jaw pain and restore mobility from Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD). The cause(s) of TMB can be complex and multi-faceted, making correct diagnosis and treatment crucial.

What is TMD?

Temporomandibular (or jaw) joints connect the lower jawbone to the skull. Used more than any other joint in the body, they are susceptible to problems that cause pain and limit jaw mobility. In addition to jaw pain, TMD symptoms also can include muscle pain, headaches, joint sounds, joint locking, difficulty opening the mouth, postural deficits as well as central sensitivity/widespread pain.

Good Shepherd’s TMD Therapy Approach

Good Shepherd’s trained, licensed physical therapists perform a comprehensive evaluation of the jaw, neck, thoracic spine and shoulder girdle to determine the cause of TMD and develop a customized therapy plan. Assessment and treatment involve:

  • Temporomandibular joint
  • Upper cervical spine
  • Upper quarter musculature

TMD therapy at Good Shepherd includes using an impairment-based approach, targeting all relevant musculoskeletal deficits in mobility, flexibility, active range of motion, strength, endurance, pain and motor control.


Since the cause(s) of TMD are often connected, therapy may consist of one or more of the following:

  • Manual therapy
  • Therapeutic exercises
  • Education

For more information on TMD therapy or to request an appointment, call 1-888-44-REHAB or fill out the form below.

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